28 Guiones imprescindibles para aprender

Guiones para estudiar cine

Aprovechando que llega el comienzo del curso se nos ha ocurrido compartir contigo guiones cinematográficos interesantes de leer para aprender de ellos.

Todos estos enlaces son legales y directos de los estudios que tienen su propiedad.

Si además te interesan los guiones premiados y nominados en los últimos Oscar, anteriormente publicados en este blog, te recordamos el enlace: ¿Quieres los 10 mejores guiones del año?

Esperamos que te guste esta iniciativa. No dudes en compartirla con quienes creas que puedan estar interesados en leerlos.

Cada enlace contiene el guión correspondiente:

8.- El lobo de Wall Street – The wolf of Wall Street de Paramount
Basado en el libro de Jordan Belfort
Guión de Terence Winter.

Guión de El Lobo de Wall Street

7.- Dallas Buyers Club de Focus Features.
Guión de Craig Borten and Melisa Wallack.

Guión de Dallas Buyers club

6.- El quinto poder – The fifth estate de Dreamworks.
Basado en los libros Inside Wikileaks de Daniel Domscheit-Berg y Wikileaks de David Leigh y Luke Harding.
Guión de Josh Singer.

Guión de El quinto poder

5.- Frozen de Disney.
Historia de Chris Buck,  Jennifer Lee y Shane Morris.
Guión de Jennifer Lee.

Guión de Frozen

4.- Gravity de Warner Bros.
Guión de Alfonso Cuarón y Jonás Cuarón.

Guión de Gravity

3.- Nebraska de Paramount.
Nominada al Premio Oscar a mejor Guión Original.
Guión de Robert W. Nelson.

Guión de Nebraska

2.- 12 Años de esclavitud – 12 Years a slave de Fox Searchlight.
Ganadora del Premio Oscar a mejor Guión Adaptado.
Historia de Solomon Northup.
Guión de John Ridley.

Guión de 12 años de esclavitud

1.- Monsters University de Disney/Pixar Studios.
Historia de Dan Scanlon, Daniel Gerson y Robert L. Baird.
Guión de Daniel Gerson, Robert L. Baird y Dan Scanlon.

Guión de Monsters University

Análisis del guión de Flight

Guión de Flight

Recalcamos continuamente en las clases del curso de guión que hay 3 cuestiones fundamentales que trabajar continuamente a la hora de convertirse en un guionista profesional: leer guiones, ver películas y escribir.

Dentro de la lectura conviene además leer guiones con visión de análisis, tal y como se hace en la asignatura de análisis de guión que contiene el curso.

Hoy te traemos un interesante ejemplo de análisis de los que habitualmente se publican en el blog de Scott Myers. Se trata del guión de Flight, película escrita por John Gatins, protagonizada por Denzel Washington y dirigida por Robert Zemeckis

Si deseas leer el guión de Flight de John Gatins este enlace te lleva directamente.

Como ejercicio puedes leer guiones y desmenuzarlos, destriparlos, analizar cómo están construidos. Esta práctica te ayudará en la escritura de tus nuevos guiones.

“Flight

Scene-by-Scene Breakdown

By Sharita Gopal

GoIntoTheStory.com

Page 2: NICOLE MAGGEN has earned money with massage. She makes a call, hangs up and gives in to answer the ringing phone.

Page 3-4: In a commuters hotel near the airport, WHIP WITAKER wakes up with TRINA, his young colleague. Empty beers, vodka and wine around. Phone call, he argues with his ex-wife about tuition for their son. Whip drinks beer and sniffs coke before he and Trina leave for the airport.

Page 5-6: On the plane, we meet MARGARAT THOMASON, a religious mature flight attendant and CAMELIA SATOU, young flight attendant. Whip meets KEN EVANS, young first officer. It’s their first flight together. Whip is tired and asks Margaret for coffee and aspirin. There are 120 souls on board.

Page 8-11: Nicole visits Othello porn set in mansion and asks KIP for heroin. She refuses when Kip asks her to play Desdemona. Kip reminds her she was clean. He gives her for free ‘Taliban’, heavy stuff she may only smoke, not shoot.

Page 11-15: Back in cockpit. Bad weather: heavy rain, lightning, heavy wind gusts, yet Whip is ready to take off, while Evan is nervous. Severe turbulence at the take off. Evan indicates wind shear. Whip remains confident and doesn’t want auto-pilot but fly self. Passengers are afraid and scream, bags and coats fall out of the luggage bins. Attendants sooth the passengers.

Page 16-21: Whip sings and feels confident. They are cleared to flight level one. Plane takes another violent dip. Whip levels off to get out of the bad air. Passengers scream but Whip is cool. Plain approaches maximum speed. Evan warns Whip for over-speeding. For Whip, he lies to ATC that they are climbing. He’s anxious. Shaking of plane gets violent. Passengers scream. Evan warns they are going too fast. Whip keeps the plane climbing till it breaks through the cloud and he turns on the auto-pilot. Passengers and Evan are joyful, Whip, however, is shaky, and gives Evan order to take the plane home. He leaves the cockpit.

Page 22: Nicole finds FRAN the building manager in her apartment with her camera in his hands. She’s angry. He wants rent and tries to seduce her. Nicole tricks him out of her apartment and says she’ll bring the money after a shower. When she tosses her bag onto the floor, a needle comes in sight.

Page 23-24: Whip empties a bottle of orange juice half and fills it with the liquid of three small vodka bottles whilst he addresses the passengers. He throws the three empties in the galley trash and downs nearly half of the juice-vodka liquid.

Page 25: Nicole uses the drugs she got with a needle. Fran smells the stuff outside and bounds on her door.”

Leer el análisis entero del guión de Flight

Claves para escribir una serie de televisión magistral

Series de televisión

Si estudiamos en profundidad las series de televisión que triunfan,  que nos gustan, cuyos personajes nos emocionan (aunque sean villanos) y de las que estamos pendientes para ver un nuevo capítulo en cuanto se emita, vemos que tienen unas características comunes.

Este artículo de New York Magazine te muestra las claves para conseguir una serie de éxito…sólo te queda escribirla y darle vida lo cual no es poco y por eso tenemos un curso de guión que durante un año profundiza en estas y otras muchas cuestiones pero, estas claves te permitirán crear una serie interesante desde el momento de su creación.

“Rule 1:
Start with an anti-hero.

A. Make him middle-aged.
Anti-heroes between the ages of 35 and 55 can often be found leading lives of quiet desperation, tied down by two kids and a suburban home. These protagonists will encounter midlife crises, affairs, and pressure from characters both older and younger. Right now, as the economy continues to skid, a middle-aged ­person losing his edge isn’t a bad metaphor for a generation grappling with the fallout of the long-gone American Century. Try a guy who’s lost a bit of his mojo and who’s struggling to get it back: an avatar for boomers holding on to their golden age but aware of their mortality. (See Mad Men’s Don Draper, House of Cards’ Frank Underwood, Breaking Bad’s Walter White, Homeland’s Nicholas Brody, Justified’s Raylan Givens, The Walking Dead’s Rick Grimes, and Boardwalk Empire’s Nucky Thompson.)

B. Give him a health problem and a traumatic memory.
There’s a difference between anti-heroes and monsters: Viewers can understand and sympathize with anti-heroes, despite their awful behavior. So give yours an illness that could happen to anyone (see Tony Soprano’s panic attacks, Don Draper’s heart trouble, Nicholas Brody’s battle scars and PTSD, and Walter White’s cancer). Then flash back to his traumatic past to explain how he became such a mess (see Tony’s mom, Don’s whorehouse childhood, Brody’s eight years in captivity, and Walt’s business failures).

C. Make him great at his job.
Audiences don’t need to like an anti-hero, but they have to be impressed by him. They’ll excuse any affair or murder if a character is exceptional at something. So make him among the best in his field, be it advertising (Don Draper), meth cooking (Walter White), glad-handing (Nucky Thompson), ­serial killing (Dexter Morgan), or crisis management ­(Scandal’s Olivia Pope), and make his expertise part of the thrill of the show. He needs to be dizzyingly talented—but also not so good that he’s invincible. He needs to feel a ­competitive fear of legitimate rivals that drives him to more extreme actions and raises the dramatic stakes.

D. Make his business a microcosm of the American Dream.
Prestige TV needs to resonate deeper than your standard ­procedural about doctors, cops, or lawyers. The anti-hero’s ­occupation should put him in contact with a wide range of greedy and power-mad characters in a competitive, capitalistic field where there’s room to grow: drug dealer (The Wire’s ­Stringer Bell), mob boss (Tony Soprano), lawman (Raylan ­Givens), congressman (Frank Underwood). An intense, classic American workplace offers ways to ratchet up the tension and say something about bigger issues, like power, greed, and capitalism. 

Escribir una serie de televisión

E. Give him a secret.
If he’s keeping something from his family—whether it’s his meth business (Walter White), affairs and stolen identity (Don ­Draper), an Al Qaeda plot to kill the vice-president (Nicholas Brody), or a desire to quit the KGB (The Americans’ Philip ­Jennings)—that gives you an easy, obvious handle on “the human heart in ­conflict with itself,” which Faulkner dubbed the root of all good writing. A secret also pushes the narrative: Eventually his spouse will find out and eject him from their home, upending what little stability he has left. Whatever he’s hiding, it’ll ­provide a launching pad into discussions about real marital problems, interior lives, public selves, and trust.

F. Make him a woman.
For nearly two decades, the dramatic anti-hero has usually been a man—but thankfully that’s changing fast. The Americans, Homeland, Scandal, Game of Thrones, and even dramas in ­comedy drag, like Enlightened and Girls, have given us ­compellingly screwed-up female protagonists who check all the necessary boxes. For example, on The Americans, suburban mom (A) Elizabeth Jennings was raped and abused earlier in life (B) and is a brilliant KGB spy in Cold War–era D.C. (C and D) who hides her secret identity from everyone except her husband (E)…”

Leer el artículo entero: How to Write a TV Drama