Todo lo que querías saber sobre guión pero no te atreviste a preguntar.

Sobre escribir un guión

El veterano escritor británico John Yorke sabe algo de esto de escribir guiones y de los oficios del medio audiovisual pero lo mejor es que quiere compartir con todos nosotros su sabiduría.

«John Yorke is a former head of drama for both the BBC and Channel 4 and has worked on or commissioned shows as diverse as EastEnders, Life on Mars, The Archers, The Street and Shameless. He’s currently managing director of independent TV producers Company Pictures. His new book, Into The Woods: A Five Act Journey Into Story (Particular, £16.99) is an in-depth study of and guide to stories and narrative and a primer for any budding screenwriter (or any kind of writer). We asked him for his 10 top tips for telling stories.

The architecture of all stories is pretty much the same

Take just one story: a dangerous monster threatens a community and one person takes it upon himself or herself to kill the beast and restore happiness to the kingdom. It’s the story of Jaws. But it’s also the story of Beowulf. And it’s more familiar than that: it’s The Thing, it’s Jurassic Park, it’s The Blob – all films with tangible monsters. If you recast the monsters in human form, it’s also every Bond film, every episode of Spooks, House or CSI. You can see the same shape in The Exorcist, The Shining, Fatal Attraction, Psycho and Saw. The monster may change from a literal one in Nightmare on Elm Street to a corporation in Erin Brockovich, but the underlying architecture – in which a foe is vanquished and order is restored – stays the same.

Without empathy your work won’t work

A whole generation remembers how they flinched when they saw the fisherman’s decapitated head fall out of the boat in Jaws. Professor Christian Keysers of the Netherlands Institute for Neuroscience has conducted extensive research into the way we watch – and react to – stories and his analysis suggests that when empathy works we become one, physiologically, with the protagonist. Think of how your body reacts when you watch the laser beam creep closer to Bond’s groin in Goldfinger. Watching someone being hit activates the same areas of the brain as being hit – the physiological reactions, though not the pain, are identical. Stories thus place us all on the same wavelength. We live what our protagonists live. If that connection doesn’t take place then any narrative simply won’t work.

Studying screenwriting is older than screenwriting itself

The rules that govern screenwriting are the fundamentals of narrative and there’s a whole history of structural analysis preceeding the advent of film. What screenwriters now call Inciting Incidents (the explosion in a characters life that kick starts a story) were articulated as long ago as 1808 by AW Schlegel. The rise of film was inevitably accompanied by a rise in screenwriting gurus pedalling «how to» manuals – and Epes Winthrop Sargent has some claim to being the first. His The Technique of the Photoplay, written in 1912, is not only hugely entertaining, it has the virtue of being refreshingly honest. Much wisdom can be found in Sargent’s book, but it’s here that the drive to understand structure has become no longer an intellectual pursuit, but a profit-driven enterprise…»

Leer el artículo entero: www.independent.co.uk

Posiblemente los mejores guionistas del momento

hollywood_reporter_oscar_writer_rt_group

The Hollywood Reporter junto en una mesa redonda para hablar sobre guión a los nominados a este premio en dicha categoría.

¡ Qué mejor que aprender de ellos ! Tal vez los mejores guionistas del momento.

«Six talented screenwriters spill secrets of their hot movies and reveal whether the CIA gave notes to Kathryn Bigelow.

The Hollywood Reporter roundtables typically draw diverse groups of talented people. But the six men who gathered Oct. 2 at The Residences at the W Hollywood might be among the most eclectic bunch we’ve ever assembled. Journalist and Oscar-winning screenwriter Mark Boal, 39, chronicles the manhunt for Osama bin Laden in his still-unfinished Zero Dark Thirty, while comedy kingpin Judd Apatow, 44, takes funny aim at his own family life in This Is 40. German auteur Michael Haneke, 70, brought along a translator to help him discuss his Palme d’Or-winning Amour with sitcom star-turned-scribe John Krasinski, 33, who wrote the anti-fracking drama Promised Land with Matt Damon. And veteran writer David Magee, 50, shared stories about his fantasy spectacle Life of Pi with Chris Terrio, 35, whose Argo marks his first feature screenwriting credit…»

Leer el artículo entero: www.hollywoodreporter.com

Qué es guión , qué es montaje

Michael Kahn

Una de las artes más difíciles de valorar, hasta el punto que algunos la consideran invisible, es la del montaje.

Muchas veces no queda claro qué es guión y qué es 2020montaje. Los cinco nominados de este año a los premios Oscar intentan aclarar esta cuestión en el siguiente e interesante artículo.

«Of all the collaborative filmmaking crafts, editing is perhaps the hardest creative art to judge, yet among the most critical in terms of shaping the story. Although during the course of the production the editor usually puts the initial edit together, sometimes with little input from the director, once production is complete the polishing of the film is normally done in close partnership with the director, blurring the line between the editor’s contribution and the director’s vision.

So how should the craft of editing be judged? What criteria would an Oscar-winning editor, such as Michael Kahn – who has worked with directorSteven Spielberg for over 37 years and most recently edited the Oscar-nominated Lincoln– use to judge whether an edit is award-worthy?…»

Leer el artículo entero: www.btlnews.com